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Endonyms of the World: 100 Countries in Their Local Language

Endonyms of the World: 100 Countries in Their Local Language

September 23, 2012
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Why should you know the names of countries in their local language? Well, because it’ll make your travels easier and give you some insight into the culture. And, because it’ll make you a geography genius.
According to About.com, an endonym is a name used by a group of people to refer to themselves, their region, or their language, as opposed to using a name given to them by other groups. For example, Köln is a German endonym, while Cologne is the English exonym and Colonnia the Italian exonym.

Local Language and Country Names
# Country
(English)
Country
(Local
Language)
Language
(English)
Language
(Local
Language)
1 United States United States English English
2 Japan 日本 Japanese 日本語
3 China 中国 Simplified Chinese 简体中文
4 Germany Deutschland German Deutsch
5 France France French Français
6 United Kingdom United Kingdom English English
7 Italy Italia Italian Italiano
8 Russia Россия Russian Русский
9 Spain España Spanish Español
10 Brazil Brasil Portuguese Português
11 Canada Canada English English
11 Canada Canada French Français
12 India India English English
12 India भारत Hindi हिन्दी
13 Mexico México Spanish Español
14 Australia Australia English English
15 Korea 대한민국 Korean 한국어
16 Netherlands Nederland Dutch Nederlands
17 Turkey Türkiye Turkish Türkçe
18 Poland Polska Polish Polski
19 Indonesia Indonesia Indonesian Bahasa Indonesia
20 Belgium België Dutch Nederlands
20 Belgium Belgique French Français
20 Belgium Belgien German Deutsch
21 Switzerland Suisse French Français
21 Switzerland Schweiz German Deutsch
21 Switzerland Svizzera Italian Italiano
22 Sweden Sverige Swedish Svenska
23 Saudi Arabia العربية السعودية Arabic عربي
24 Norway Norge Norwegian Norsk
25 Austria Österreich German Deutsch
26 Taiwan 臺灣 Traditional Chinese 繁體中文
27 Greece Ελλάδα Greek Ελληνικά
28 Denmark Danmark Danish Dansk
29 Iran ایران Farsi فارسی
30 Argentina Argentina Spanish Español
31 Venezuela Venezuela Spanish Español
32 South Africa South Africa English English
33 Thailand ประเทศไทย Thai ภาษาไทย
34 Finland Suomi Finnish Suomi
35 Ireland Ireland English English
35 Ireland Éire Irish Gaeilge
36 United Arab Emirates الامارات Arabic عربي
37 Portugal Portugal Portuguese Português
38 Colombia Colombia Spanish Español
39 Malaysia Malaysia Malay Bahasa Melayu
40 Czech Republic Česká republika Czech Čeština
41 Hong Kong 香港 Traditional Chinese 繁體中文
42 Nigeria Nigeria English English
43 Israel ישראל Hebrew עברית
43 Israel إِسْرَائِيلُ‎ Arabic عربي
44 Romania România Romanian Românã
45 Singapore 新加坡 Simplified Chinese 简体中文
46 Ukraine Украина Russian Русский
46 Ukraine Україна Ukrainian Українська
47 Chile Chile Spanish Español
48 Philippines Philippines English English
48 Philippines Pilipinas Tagalog Tagalog
49 Pakistan Pakistan English English
49 Pakistan پاکِستان Urdu اردو
50 Egypt مَصْر Arabic عربي
51 Algeria الجزائر Arabic عربي
52 Kuwait دولة الكويت Arabic عربي
53 Hungary Magyarország Hungarian Magyar
54 Kazakhstan Қазақстан, Қазақия,
Қазақ Елі, قازاقستان
Kazakh Қазақ тілі, قازاق ٴتىلى‎
54 Kazakhstan Казахстан Russian Русский
55 New Zealand New Zealand English English
56 Peru Perú Spanish Español
57 Qatar قطر Arabic عربي
58 Slovakia Slovensko Slovak Slovenčina
59 Iraq العراق Arabic عربي
60 Libya ليبيا Arabic عربي
61 Vietnam Việt Nam Vietnamese Tiếng Việt
62 Morocco المغرب‎ Arabic عربي
63 Angola Angola Portuguese Português
64 Bagladesh বাংলাদেশ Bengali / Bangla বাংলা
65 Croatia Hrvatska Croatian Hrvatski
66 Belarus Беларусь Belarusian беларуская
66 Belarus Беларусь Russian Русский
67 Oman عمان‎ Arabic عربي
68 Sudan السودان Arabic عربي
68 Sudan Sudan English English
69 Syria سورية‎ Arabic عربي
70 Luxembourg Luxembourg French Français
70 Luxembourg Luxemburg German Deutsch
70 Luxembourg Lëtzebuerg Luxembourgish Lëtzebuergesch
71 Ecuador Ecuador Spanish Español
72 Slovenia Slovenija Slovene Slovenščina
73 Serbia Србија, Srbija Serbian Српски, Srpski
74 Bulgaria България Bulgarian български
75 Lithuania Lietuva Lithuanian Lietuviškai
76 Azerbaijan Azərbaycan, Азәрбајҹан, آذربايجان Azerbaijani Azərbaycan dili,
Азәрбајҹан дили,
آذربايجانجا ديلي
77 Dominican Republic República Dominicana Spanish Español
78 Tunisia تونس‎ Arabic عربي
78 Tunisia Tunisie French Français
79 Sri Lanka ශ්රී ලංකා Sinhala සිංහල
79 Sri Lanka இலங்கை Tamil தமிழ் மொழி
80 Guatemala Guatemala Spanish Español
81 Latvia Latvija Latvian Latviski
82 Uruguay Uruguay Spanish Español
83 Costa Rica Costa Rica Spanish Español
84 Kenya Kenya English English
84 Kenya Kenya Swahili Kiswahili
85 Lebanon لُبْنَان‎ Arabic عربي
85 Lebanon Liban French Français
86 Uzbekistan Ўзбекистон Uzbek Ўзбекча
86 Uzbekistan Узбекистан Russian Русский
87 Yemen اليَمَن Arabic عربي
88 Ethiopia ኢትዮጵያ Amharic አማርኛ
89 Myanmar Not visible in
most browsers
Burmese Not visible in
most browsers
90 Cyprus Κύπρος Greek Ελληνικά
90 Cyprus Kıbrıs Turkish Türkçe
90 Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago English English
92 Cameroon Cameroon English English
92 Cameroon Cameroun French Français
93 Estonia Eesti Estonian Eesti keel
94 Ivory Coast Côte d’Ivoire French Français
95 Panama Panamá Spanish Español
96 El Salvador El Salvador Spanish Español
97 Bahrain مملكة البحرين Arabic عربي
98 Jordan الأردن‎ Arabic عربي
98 Jordan Jordan English English
99 Tanzania Tanzania English English
99 Tanzania Tanzania Swahili Kiswahili
100 Equatorial Guinea Guinée Équatoriale French Français
100 Equatorial Guinea Guiné Equatorial Portuguese Português
100 Equatorial Guinea Guinea Ecuatorial Spanish Español
*Multiple languages are spoken in some countries, but only a few of the major languages are included in this chart.

Credit: Adam Wooten, The International Business Edge, July 2010

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